Labour Rate of Pay or Wage Rate Variance – meaning and formula.

Labour Rate of Pay or Wage Rate Variance – It is that part of labour cost variance which arises due to a change in specified wage rate. Labour rate variance arises due to

  • change in basic wage rate or piece-work rate,
  • employing persons of different grades then specified,
  • payment of more overtime than fixed earlier, (iv) new workers being paid
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